Rutland is still a rural county in the East Midlands of England, having a comparatively low population to area ratio. As such, farming and associated trades have always been a key part of daily life, and in this way the area has been largely self-sufficient. Despite intensification in farming, there are still many woods and coppices remaining from a previous era when deer flourished (perhaps where the "Rut" in Rutland came from!?) and the fox and the pheasant have always played an important part in the life of the county.

There is a relatively recent history of ironstone mining in the county, where an abundance of narrow-gauge railways and small quarries were kept busy. Much of the mining was at surface level and today it takes a keen eye to perceive the evidence. The area is especially famous for its Clipsham limestone - used in local buildings and churches, as well as more distant ones, and it has even been used to repair the Houses of Parliament! Quarrying is still being carried out at certain locations today.

The Benefice churches are generally about 700 or 800 years old, built of local stone and with bells and stained glass windows added later. For more information see under the individual Churches.